Ópera (Madrid Metro)
Ópera is a station on Line 2, Line 5 and Ramal of the Madrid Metro. It is located in fare Zone A, in the Plaza de Isabel II, in the central district of Madrid. The station provides access to an area with tourist landmarks such as Teatro Real, Plaza de Oriente and the Royal Palace. Its name comes from nearby Madrid opera house, the Teatro Real.
The station was opened to the public in 1925 for lines 2 and Ramal later that year. Its original name was Isabel II, under the square in which it stood. The platforms of lines 2 and Ramal are located at the same level, the former is 60 m long and the latter being shorter in the beginning, but later it was extended in length to 60 m, too.
After the proclamation of the Second Republic on 14 April 1931, the new authorities approved by Decree of 20 April the removal of all the denominations that made references to the monarchy. Therefore, on 24 June Isabel II station was renamed Ópera. That same year, the square also changed his name to Fermín Galán, one of the leaders of the failed uprising in 1930 tried to overthrow King Alfonso XIII. On 5 June 1937 the station changed its name to coincide with the square. However, after the establishment of the dictatorship of Francisco Franco there was a further change in the names of city streets, stations, etc. Therefore, in 1939 the square was again renamed Isabel II, and the metro station recovered the name Ópera.